An open government is featured through:
- ensuring transparency and quality of information: citizens should be able to access relevant information on the work of public administrations that "report" to the citizens on their actions and decisions taken, ensuring full accountability for the results achieved. It is necessary to release the data of public interest produced by administrations’ daily activities in an open format ("open data"), e.g. free from restrictions both in terms of access and reuse;
- support to civic participation: citizens should be involved in the development, implementation and assessment of public policies, participating in relative decision-making processes. Participatory budgets, citizen’s assemblies, consultations and other forms of deliberative democracy, such as the Public Debate, are fundamental tools to exercise everyone’s rights, including those of minorities;
- promotion of inclusive digital innovation as a condition for the implementation of public policies in support of public participation, transparency and accountability. It is essential to ensure access to technologies, extensively promoting development of skills needed for exercising digital citizenship. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure respect for privacy and protection from the risks of the improper use of artificial intelligence.
The OECD Recommendation of 2017, shared by Italy, provides an even broader perspective, than that promoted by OGP, for identifying a strategic role of the open government principles as an essential characteristic for any public reform process. The OECD considers it "a culture of governance that promotes the principles of transparency, integrity, accountability and stakeholder participation in support of democracy and inclusive growth". To set up this culture it is required to develop, implement and assess national strategies for open government.